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the causative prefix in a sentence

1. This reduction of presyllables has led to a variety among modern languages of phonological shapes of the same original Proto-Austroasiatic prefixes, such as the causative prefix, ranging from CVC syllables to consonant clusters to single consonants.

2. This can be seen in the following examples from Tagalog, where the causative prefix pag- (realized here as nag) attaches to the verb tumba to derive a causative transitive verb in (7b), but the prefix does not appear in the inchoative intransitive verb in (7a).

3. While -na- is deleted under several conditions (mostly the addition of certain suffixes), -ha- is not except when preceded by the causative prefix niha- (see above).

4. The word faʻafafine includes the causative prefix faʻa–, meaning "in the manner of", and the word fafine, meaning "woman".

5. For example: Verbal possession in Taba is generally indicated through the attaching of the causative prefix ha- to the adnominal possessive forms.

6. Prefixes can be compounded, which most frequently occurs with the causative prefix u·- in addition to another prefix.

7. The causative prefix u·- is affixed in conjunction with the prefix c- "to cause with the teeth" present in caqáw "to eat fruit," producing the compound u·caqáw "to feed fruit to." A theme consisting of only a stem or a prefix-stem structure can be further developed through infixation.

8. Beck (eds.) 2012): In many of the languages, the causative prefix is regularly or obligatorily associated with a suffix: In some languages like Upper Necaxa, the suffix is analyzed as part of the causative morpheme (Beck 2012), but in others it is treated as a separate transitivizer (Levy &

9. The causative prefix is ha'a, while the reciprocal prefix is hai and can indicate a change or addition when adverb or'u is added.

10. Mixtec causative verbs are indicated by the prefix s-. Like other Mixtec particles, the causative prefix leads to a shift in the orthography and pronunciation of the related verb.

11. Another type of reduplication in Woleaian is reduplication-prefixation, which is when “a neutral verb has both reduplication and the causative prefix/” (Sohn, Woleaian Reference Grammar, 1975).

12. In general this change is shown by altering the first consonant of the root, as in the following examples from Tataltepec Chatino: There is also a morphological causative in Chatino, expressed by the causative prefix /x-/, /xa-/, /y/, or by the palatalization of the first consonant.

13. Pohnpeian intransitive verbs can be divided into the following types: There are five verbal prefixes, which appear as bound morphemes: the causative ka-, the negatives sa- and sou-, and two other semantic modifiers ak- and li-. Ka-, the causative prefix, makes intransitive verbs into transitive ones.

14. Example: The causative prefix adds a ‘causer’ to a proposition, thereby increasing a verb’s valency.

15. The suffix /-wi/ is a much more straightforward reflexive, and is exclusively used with verbs that would normally have two very distinct arguments, unlike those made reflexive by /-oa/. The reciprocal /-kakoa/ may be used with doubled plural morphology to indicated multiple reciprocal pairs, and may also attach to a noun in addition to a verb to indicate the reciprocal participants making it a “discontinuous reciprocal”. Valency is increased by attaching either the causative prefix /a-/, or the causative suffix /-ki/, or both.

16. The causative prefix s- in Wobzi Khroskyabs undergoes various morphophonological processes, including voicing assimilation, lateral dissimilation, affrication, metathesis and lateral assimilation.

17. s- + ʁbɑ́ɣ 'to explode' → ʁ⟨z⟩bɑ́ɣ 'to cause to explode s- + jbə̂v 'to be swollen' → j⟨z⟩bə̂v 'to cause to be swollen' The preinitials l- and r-, N- and m- drop when the causative prefix s- is added, while the case is optional for the preinitials j- and v-. s- + mkʰæ̂ 'to be expert' → m⟨s⟩kʰæ̂ → s-kʰæ̂ 'to cause to be expert' s- + rlǽ 'to peel' → r⟨s⟩lǽ → s-lǽ 'to cause to peel' s- + ɬqʰǽl 'to be dirty' → ɬ⟨s⟩qʰǽl → s-qʰǽl 'to cause to be dirty' vCVr metathesis, as its name suggests, concerns verbs with v- as preinitial and -r as coda.

18. Intransitive verbs can be turned into transitive with the causative prefix гъэ- (meaning "to force, to make").

19. Verbal derivational morphology is limited to the causative prefix pe-, the applicative suffix -ek, and reduplication.

20. For example, nigwa, 'knife', becomes nigwa-i, 'cut with a knife'. Another important formational affix for verbs is the causative prefix he-, e.g. kita, 'see' becomes he-kita, 'show', or, 'cause to see'. Something special about the verbs in Saliba is that the stems of two lexical verbs can combine to form one inflected verb.

21. The causative prefix va- changes a root to a causative verb or noun.

22. The conjugation of the transitive bivalent verb ылъэгъун /əɬaʁʷən/ "to see it": Trivalent verbs require three arguments : a subject, a direct object and an indirect object: Most trivalent verbs in Adyghe are created by adding the causative prefix (гъэ~) to bivalent verbs.

23. The causative prefix increases the valency of the verb by one and forms a transitive, thus bivalent verbs become trivalent.

24. To form a trivalent verb one must take a bivalent verb (either intransitive or transitive), add the causative prefix -гъэ /-ʁa/ and the subject's pronoun prefix to the right.

25. Examples of intransitive verbs: Examples of transitive verbs: These verbs are formed by adding the causative prefix to intransitive bivalent verbs, increasing their valency and making them transitive.

26. Examples : The conjugation of the trivalent verb with an intransitive origin: indirect object (me) indirect object (you) indirect object (him) indirect object (us) indirect object (you plural) indirect object (them) These verbs can be formed by adding the causative prefix to transitive bivalent verbs.