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the English vowels in a sentence

1. Over time names sometimes shifted or were added, as in double U for W ("double V" in French), the English name for Y, and American zee for Z. Comparing names in English and French gives a clear reflection of the Great Vowel Shift: A, B, C and D are pronounced /eɪ, biː, siː, diː/ in today's English, but in contemporary French they are /a, be, se, de/. The French names (from which the English names are derived) preserve the qualities of the English vowels from before the Great Vowel Shift.

2. More recently, some English speakers may attempt to pronounce it as the Spanish, similarly to the British version of Ibiza, leading to pronunciations of Cádiz with /s/ or /θ/ instead of /z/, but keeping the English vowels and the strong /d/. According to a 2016 census estimate, the population of the city of Cádiz was 118,919 (the second most populated of the province after Jerez de la Frontera with 212,830 inhabitants), and that of its metropolitan area was 629,054.

3. The THOUGHT–GOAT merger is a merger of the English vowels /ɔː/ and /oː/ (with the latter vowel corresponding to /əʊ/ in RP).

4. They must be pronounced YAHW as they are equivalent to the English vowels IAU.

5. each pronounced as in English were the English vowels a, e, i, o to be marked for length.