Home > Letter G > glottal

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1 Hiccup is a brief involuntary inspiratory movement followed by glottal closure.
2 An algorithm for marking pitch at the location of the largest amplitude of continuous speech signal is described, which is based on the finding of glottal closure instants in laryngograph signal.
3 Vowels have something to do with glottal closure, therefore influence acoustical measures.
4 Sometimes' t's aren't pronounced at all, especially in words with two 't's grouped together (this is known as the glottal stop, and is common in American English pronunciation).
5 Qaddafi, " as does the New York Times, because the letter Q is typically used to render the glottal stop that is so common in Arabic and that begins Qaddafi's name.
6 This paper introduces a measurement system of glottal vocal efficiency (GVE) designed according to the principle of speech-to-airflow logarithmic ratio at lip developed by authors.
7 a novel estimation method of glottal vocal efficiency(GVE) based on conversion function of voice source.
8 On the base of LF-4 derivative glottal flow, an improved algorithm of LF-4 derivative model is proposed to synthesize voice source.
9 For high quality voice transformation, a novel parameter extraction scheme for glottal flow derivative is proposed based on Legendre orthogonal decomposition.
10 the wavelet transform is directly implemented in pitch detection, comparing the glottal closure singularity of speech signal with image grey break, we will not obtain the anticipative result.
11 constraints on the glottal wave of enhanced speech during iterative Wiener filtering according as the glottal codebook to ensure glottal wave laid in the clean exciting glottal space.
12 Based on the speech produce model, we find the reason of periodicity disappearance and the extremum number increase by analysing the character of speech signal when the glottal closes.
13 The uvular r's of French and the fricative, glottal ch's of German (and Scots) are essential to one's imagination of these languages and their speakers.
14 Objective:To observe the acoustic characteristics of glottal stops produced by patients with cleft palate.
15 When the ancient Greeks adopted the alphabet, they had no use for a letter to represent the glottal stop—the consonant sound that the letter denoted in Phoenician and other Semitic languages, and that was the first phoneme of the Phoenician pronunciation of the letter—so they used their version of the sign to represent the vowel /a/, and called it by the similar name of alpha.
16 The phonological differences between these two dialects account for some of the complexities of Arabic writing, most notably the writing of the glottal stop or hamzah (which was preserved in the eastern dialects but lost in western speech) and the use of alif maqṣūrah (representing a sound preserved in the western dialects but merged with ā in eastern speech).
17 One example is the emphatic consonants, which are pharyngealized in modern pronunciations but may have been velarized in the eighth century and glottalized in Proto-Semitic.
18 Even at the time of Muhammed and before, other dialects existed with many more changes, including the loss of most glottal stops, the loss of case endings, the reduction of the diphthongs /aj/ and /aw/ into monophthongs /eː, oː/, etc.
19 Among these features visible under the corrections are the loss of the glottal stop and a differing development of the reduction of certain final sequences containing /j/: Evidently, final /-awa/ became /aː/ as in the Classical language, but final /-aja/ became a different sound, possibly /eː/ (rather than again /aː/ in the Classical language).
20 ع‎) are epiglottal [ʜ, ʢ] in Western Asia.
21 (In less formal pronunciations of Modern Standard Arabic, superheavy syllables are common at the end of words or before clitic suffixes such as -nā 'us, our', due to the deletion of final short vowels.) In surface pronunciation, every vowel must be preceded by a consonant (which may include the glottal stop [ʔ]).
22 As a result of the spread of writing systems, independent vowels may be used to represent syllables beginning with a glottal stop, even for non-initial syllables.
23 Ālap, likewise, has some of the characteristics of a mater lectionis because in initial positions, it indicates a glottal stop (followed by a vowel), but otherwise, it often also stands for the long vowels ā or ē. Among Jews, the influence of Hebrew often led to the use of Hē instead, at the end of a word.
24 Occasionally, the glottal "fricatives" are called approximants, since [h] typically has no more frication than voiceless approximants, but they are often phonations of the glottis without any accompanying manner or place of articulation.
25 The open e and back a are often indicated in writing by the use of the letters א "alaph" (a glottal stop) or ה "he" (like the English h).
26 They include ח Ḥêṯ and ע ʽAyn from the emphatic set, and add א ʼĀlap̄ (a glottal stop) and ה Hê (as the English "h").
27 In the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), aspirated consonants are written using the symbols for voiceless consonants followed by the aspiration modifier letter ⟨◌ʰ⟩, a superscript form of the symbol for the voiceless glottal fricative ⟨h⟩. For instance, ⟨p⟩
28 Cypriot Greek is notable for aspirating its inherited (and developed across word-boundaries) voiceless geminate stops, yielding the series /pʰː tʰː cʰː kʰː/. The term aspiration sometimes refers to the sound change of debuccalization, in which a consonant is lenited (weakened) to become a glottal stop or fricative [ʔ h ɦ]. So-called voiced aspirated consonants are nearly always pronounced instead with breathy voice, a type of phonation or vibration of the vocal folds.
29 This consonant is therefore more accurately transcribed as ⟨b̤⟩, with the diacritic for breathy voice, or with the modifier letter ⟨bʱ⟩, a superscript form of the symbol for the voiced glottal fricative ⟨ɦ⟩. Some linguists restrict the double-dot subscript ⟨◌̤⟩
30 He also produced an analysis of the prosody of these dialects which he related to the history of the glottal stop and vowel length in Nahuan languages.