c. 4000 BC in a sentence
1. Symbols on Gerzean (Naqada II) pottery resembling Egyptian hieroglyphs date back to c. 4000 BC, suggesting an earlier possible dating.
2. During the Neolithic era (starting at c. 7000 BC.) and the time of the Indo-European migrations (starting at c. 4000 BC.) Europe saw massive migrations from east and southeast which also brought agriculture, new technologies, and the Indo-European languages, primarily through the areas of the Balkan peninsula and the Black sea region.
3. There are only faint traces of Neolithic settlement on the site although it was continuously occupied from the Early Neolithic (EN; c. 5000–c. 4000 BC) through the Early Helladic (EH; c. 3200–c. 2000 BC) and Middle Helladic (MH; c. 2000–c. 1550 BC) periods.
4. The Sumerians developed a complex system of metrology c. 4000 BC. This advanced metrology resulted in the creation of arithmetic, geometry, and algebra.
5. For example, symbols on Gerzean pottery from c. 4000 BC have been argued to resemble hieroglyphic writing.
6. Inanna was worshiped in Sumer at least as early as the Uruk period (c. 4000 BC – c. 3100 BC), but she had little cult prior to the conquest of Sargon of Akkad.
7. Already on a Naqada I (c. 4000 BC) C-ware bowl (now in Cairo) a snake was painted on the inside rim combined with other desert and aquatic animals as a possible enemy of a deity, possibly a solar deity, who is invisibly hunting in a big rowing vessel.
8. The sorcerer known as the Ancient One traveled back in time to c. 4000 BC and defeated the griffin and returned to the 20th century.
9. However, by the Neolithic, c. 4000 BC, settlers had clearly arrived and began changing the landscape through deforestation, likely by overgrazing and burning, and the building of stone walls.
10. The theory that the first British farmers (c. 4000 BC) had the knowledge and ability to make ale from their crops with their pottery appears to be controversial and not yet widely discussed by the archaeological community.
11. Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) and its peoples (Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians and Babylonians) lived in cities from c. 4000 BC, and developed a sophisticated architecture in mud-brick and stone, including the use of the true arch.
12. The harbour of Samcheonpo is the gateway to a number of small islands lying offshore, where people still practice a traditional fishing subsistence lifestyle that dates back to the Jeulmun Period (c. 4000 BC).
13. On a line west of Seven Barrows is the Long Barrow, which dates from c. 4000 BC making it 2,000 years older than the other barrows.
14. Reconstruction of Maydanets c. 4000 BC, Trypillan city.
15. Reconstruction of a temple from Nebelivka, Ukraine, c. 4000 BC, 60 × 20 m size.
16. Terracotta stamp seal with Master of Animals motif, Tell Telloh, ancient Girsu, End of Ubaid period, c. 4000 BC. Protective Master from the harp found at Ur. Dated circa 2600 BCE.
17. The first known aristocracy appeared no later than c. 1500 BC. Comparatively, transition to agriculture happened c. 9000 BC in the Fertile Crescent and c. 4000 BC in the British Isles.
18. Toggling harpoons are first associated with the Red Paint culture of New England and Atlantic Canada (c. 5500 BC to c. 4000 BC).
19. The first, divided into seven sub-periods, corresponds to the fifth millennium and the beginning of the fourth (c. 4000 BC).
20. Palaeo-Indian Tradition of the Agate Basin finds date to as early as c 6000 BC, Taltheilei Tradition c. 500 BC and Shield Archaic Tradition c 4000 BC. The Athapaskans, Dene or Chipewyan First Nation lived in the shield area, and were caribou hunters.
21. At a site on the Bay of Kuwait, the model of a sailing craft has been discovered, that has been dated to c. 4000 BC. Coordinates: 29°26′N 47°56′E
22. J. P. Mallory, dating the migrations later, to c. 4000 BC, and putting less insistence on their violent or quasi-military nature, essentially modified Gimbutas' theory making it compatible with a less gender-political narrative.
23. It plays a central role in Gimbutas' Kurgan hypothesis, and coincides with the spread of early PIE across the steppes and into the Danube valley (c. 4000 BC), leading to the collapse of Old Europe.
24. Kaiser's chronology began c. 4000 BC, but the modern version has been adjusted slightly, as follows: Figure of a woman with bird traits.
25. According to archaeologists, first human settlements appeared in today Wolbórz in c. 4000 BC. In early times of the Kingdom of Poland, Wolbórz emerged as a center of local administrative unit called opole, which was later turned into a castellany.
26. Symbols on Gerzean pottery resembling Egyptian hieroglyphs date back to c. 4000 BC, suggesting a still earlier possible date.
27. The site is significant regionally as a particularly fine multicomponent site, including the early Moorehead phase (also known as the Red Paint People, c. 4000 BC), the subsequent Susquehanna Tradition, and the Early to Late Ceramic periods (extending from about 2500 BC to 500 CE).
28. The settlements existed between c-4200 and c-4000 BC. The earth in this area is soft loess.
29. An ancient forest stood in the area between Bray, County Wicklow and Killiney before being submerged by rising sea levels c. 4000 BC. Under the Irish Sea is a "prehistoric palaeolandscape of plains, hills, marshlands and river valleys, in which evidence of human activity is expected to be preserved";
30. The earliest Egyptian Beads (c. 4000 BC) were made of stone, feldspar, lapis lazuli, carnelian, turquoise, hematite, or amethyst and were variously shaped (sphere, cone, shell, animal head).
- an earlier possible dating
- a minimum date
- Proto-Afroasiatic (Trombetti
- considerable time
- the date
- the Proto-Afroasiatic language
- approximately 7,500 BC
- approximately 16,000 BC
- c. 10,000 BC
- c. 11,000 BC
- c. 16,000 BC
- These dates
- other proto-languages
- "original homeland
- the hypothetical place
- Proto-Afroasiatic language speakers
- a single linguistic community
- this original language
- distinct languages
- Their distribution
- the Sahara pump
- no agreement
- this language family
- The main theories
- Widespread (though not universal) features
- the Afroasiatic languages
- the most remarkable shared features
- the prefixing verb conjugation
- this section
- a distinctive pattern
- /ʔ t n y/
- third-singular masculine /y-/
- tonal languages
- the Omotic and Chadic branches
- certain Cushitic languages
- The Semitic
- Egyptian branches
- Afroasiatic cognates
- ten pronouns