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1 After the French lost to the British in the Seven Years' War, it became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1783.
2 What is now the counties of Baldwin and Mobile became part of Spanish West Florida in 1783, part of the independent Republic of West Florida in 1810, and was finally added to the Mississippi Territory in 1812.
3 Spain kept a claim on its former Spanish West Florida territory in what would become the coastal counties until the Adams–Onís Treaty officially ceded it to the United States in 1819.
4 In 1781, Governor Galvez and Pollack campaigned east along the Gulf Coast to secure West Florida including British-held Mobile and Pensacola.
5 The Spanish lost a total of 124 killed and 247 wounded in West Florida.
6 Most of the refugees resettled from New York had fled from other colonies, including West Florida, which the Spanish captured during the war.
7 Dominicans constituted one of the many diverse units which fought alongside Spanish forces under Bernardo de Gálvez during the conquest of British West Florida (1779–1781).
8 The Jefferson administration argued that the purchase had included the Spanish territory of West Florida, but France and Spain both held that West Florida was not included in the purchase.
9 Monroe attempted to purchase clear title to West Florida and East Florida from Spain, but the Spanish, outraged by Jefferson's claims to West Florida, refused to negotiate.
10 at the time, many in the U.S. believed that France had also acquired West Florida in the same treaty.
11 The American delegation originally sought to acquire West Florida and the city of New Orleans, which controlled the trade of the Mississippi River.
12 In agreeing to the purchase, Monroe violated his instructions, which had only allowed $9 million for the purchase of New Orleans and West Florida.
13 The French did not acknowledge that West Florida remained in Spanish possession, and the United States would claim that France had sold West Florida to the United States for several years to come.
14 Monroe would travel to Spain in 1805 to try to win the cession of West Florida, but, with the support of France, Spain refused to consider relinquishing the territory.
15 The U.S. claimed Louisiana included the entire western portion of the Mississippi River drainage basin to the crest of the Rocky Mountains and land extending southeast to the Rio Grande and West Florida.
16 Britain then divided the territory into East and West Florida.
17 With this treaty, which ended the American Revolutionary War, Britain also ceded West Florida back to Spain to regain the Bahamas, which Spain had occupied during the war.
18 However, in 1800, under duress from Napoleon of France, Spain ceded an undefined portion of West Florida to France in the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso.
19 This triggered a dispute between Spain and the U.S. on which parts of West Florida Spain had ceded to France in the first place, which would, in turn, decide which parts of West Florida the U.S. had bought from France in the Louisiana Purchase, versus which were unceded Spanish property.
20 Following ongoing U.S. colonization creating facts on the ground, and U.S. military actions, Spain ceded both West Florida and East Florida in their entirety to the United States in the Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819.
21 Mobile became a part of the United States in 1813, with the annexation by President James Madison of West Florida from Spain.
22 This area was made a part of the expanded British West Florida colony.
23 During the American Revolutionary War, West Florida and Mobile became a refuge for loyalists fleeing the other colonies.
24 They took the opportunity to order Bernardo de Galvez, Governor of Louisiana, on an expedition east to retake West Florida.
25 Due to strong trade ties, many residents of Mobile and West Florida remained loyal to the British Crown.
26 The Spanish renamed the fort as Fortaleza Carlota, and held Mobile as a part of Spanish West Florida until 1813, when it was seized by United States General James Wilkinson during the War of 1812.
27 In the aftermath of the Louisiana Purchase, Jefferson attempted to annex West Florida from Spain, a nation under the control of Emperor Napoleon and the French Empire after 1804.
28 Most of West Florida was given to Mississippi and Alabama to guarantee their access to the Gulf of Mexico.
29 Fighting also took place in West Florida, where a two-day battle for the city of Pensacola ended in Spanish surrender.
30 On 30 August 1813, Red Sticks led by chiefs Red Eagle and Peter McQueen attacked Fort Mims north of Mobile, the only American-held port in the territory of West Florida.