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Salamandra atra in a sentence

1. Some caecilians, the alpine salamander (Salamandra atra) and some of the African live-bearing toads (Nectophrynoides spp.) are viviparous.

2. The Alpine salamander (Salamandra atra) and several species of Tanzanian toad in the genus Nectophrynoides are ovoviviparous, developing through the larval stage inside the mother's oviduct and eventually emerging as fully formed juveniles.

3. Very rare black salamanders (Salamandra atra) can be found in higher areas.

4. The alpine salamander (Salamandra atra) is a shiny black salamander found in the Alps from the Swiss-French border at the western end of its range through Austria to the Dinaric Alps at the eastern end of its range, at altitudes above 700 m (2,300 ft).

5. Usually black or brown-black, but the subspecies Salamandra atra aurorae has a bright coloration on the head, back, and dorsal side of the extremities.

6. All of these traits, even down to the star-like markings, are consistent with the golden Alpine salamander (Salamandra atra aurorae) of Europe that has golden or yellow spots or blotches on its back and some similarly marked subspecies of the fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra).

7. Due to its black colour, it is similar to the other alpine salamander, Salamandra atra atra.

8. Salamandra atra pasubiensis is a subspecies of the alpine salamander Salamandra atra found in south-eastern Italian Prealps.

9. Salamandra atra pasubiensis differs from all other subspecies of S. atra in the individual variability of the body colour.

10. Salamandra atra pasubiensis lives only on the Pasubio massif, in the Venetian Prealps, Northeast Italy.

11. It is entirely in the Natura 2000 site IT3210040 “Monti Lessini - Pasubio - Piccole Dolomiti Vicentine”. Salamandra atra pasubiensis is not considered in the EU Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC because it was unknown at the time.