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1 What I shall do in coming weeks is to look at how all of this actually works, how Marxists took up the baton and what the consequences of it all were.
2 One good question is why have the Marxists been to a certain extent familiar with the great philosophical struggle, while the defenders of freedom were not?
3 This is the kind of sardonicinquiry that Marxists have grown used to dealing with.
4 some officials are seen as orthodox Marxists.
5 Western Marxists just inherit this tradition and target satire at contemporary cultural phenomenons in order to reveal modem people's mental crisis and alienation.
6 Lenin and Gramsci as Marxist pioneers, as the Eastern and Western Marxists, the symbolic figure, the leadership of Lenin and Gramsci is also to explore and debate the object to Marxists.
7 It emphasized the perspective of the Enlightenment to understand the May 4th New Culture Movement, which was used for research not only by many Marxists but also by quite a few scholars today.
8 Other viewpoints are not in conformance with Marxists theory or Chinas historical reality, nor can any of them explain early Chinas social nature after 1949.
9 Western Marxists deem that the contemporary capitalism is a national capitalism which is different from non-monopoly capitalism and it enters a new capitalist era.
10 Second, his accepting Marxism is mainly due to the requirement of actual struggles, i. e., practice rationality, instead of the reading of academic selection by reading Marxists texts.
11 While the term libertarian has been largely synonymous with anarchism, its meaning has more recently diluted with wider adoption from ideologically disparate groups, including both the New Left and libertarian Marxists (who do not associate with authoritarian socialists or a vanguard party) as well as extreme liberals (primarily concerned with civil liberties).
12 After bitter disputes, the Bakuninists were expelled from the International by the Marxists at the 1872 Hague Congress.
13 Marxists argue that specialization makes it very difficult for any worker to feel they may be contributing to the real needs of humanity.
14 In turn the Marxists called them conservatives.
15 British historians, apart from a few Marxists, were generally hostile.
16 The United States viewed the conflict in Afghanistan in terms of the Cold War, with Marxists on one side and the native Afghan mujahideen on the other.
17 When the 1964 Afghan Provisional Constitution, which legalised the establishment of new political entities, was introduced several prominent Marxists agreed to establish a communist political party.
18 To account for the discrepancy, Chinese Marxists invented the term "bureaucratic feudalism".
19 One held that China followed the set European pattern which Marxists thought to be universal;
20 His conclusion was that China did not have feudalism in the sense that Marxists use, that Chinese military governments did not lead to a European-style military aristocracy.
21 In the next section Marxists make a case for this mutually reinforcing relationship.
22 Non Russian marxists within the RSFSR and later the USSR, like Sultan Galiev and Vasyl Shakhrai, meanwhile, between 1918 and 1923 and then after 1929, considered the Soviet Regime a renewed version of the Russian imperialism and colonialism.
23 Decentralized planning has been proposed as a basis for socialism and has been variously advocated by anarchists, council communists, libertarian Marxists and other democratic and libertarian socialists who advocate a non-market form of socialism, in total rejection of the type of planning adopted in the economy of the Soviet Union.
24 Variations of decentralized planning such as economic democracy, industrial democracy and participatory economics have been promoted by various political groups, most notably anarchists, democratic socialists, guild socialists, libertarian Marxists, libertarian socialists, revolutionary syndicalists and Trotskyists.
25 Because of orthodox Marxists' desire to eliminate the political elitism they see in capitalism, Marxists, Leninists and Trotskyists believe in direct democracy implemented through a system of communes (which are sometimes called soviets).
26 Although Deng got involved in the Marxist revolutionary movement in China, the historian Mobo Gao has argued that "Deng Xiaoping and many like him [in the Chinese Communist Party] were not really Marxists, but basically revolutionary nationalists who wanted to see China standing on equal terms with the great global powers.
27 When Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party came to power in 1933, they made the legend an integral part of their official history of the 1920s, portraying the Weimar Republic as the work of the "November criminals" who stabbed the nation in the back to seize power while betraying it. The Nazi propaganda depicted Weimar as "a morass of corruption, degeneracy, national humiliation, ruthless persecution of the honest 'national opposition'—fourteen years of rule by Jews, Marxists, and 'cultural Bolsheviks', who had at last been swept away by the National Socialist movement under Hitler and the victory of the 'national revolution' of 1933".
28 The presence of Hegelian dialectics was enormous in the intellectual life of France during the second half of the 20th century, with the influence of Kojève and Hyppolite, but also with the impact of dialectics based on contradiction developed by Marxists, and including the existentialism of Sartre, etc.
29 The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica called the series of conflicts the "Great Rebellion", while some historians – notably Marxists such as Christopher Hill (1912–2003) – long favoured the term "English Revolution".
30 Mehmet Shehu stated that while many members of the Party were accused of tyranny, this was a baseless charge and unlike the Soviet Union, Albania was led by genuine Marxists.