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No. sentence
1 In the Sasanian Empire, Mazdak called for an egalitarian society and the abolition of monarchy, only to be soon executed by Emperor Kavad I. In Basra, religious sects preached against the state.
2 In 628, Kavad II (son of Kosrow), returned Palestine and the True Cross to the Byzantines and signed a peace treaty with them.
3 The Persian king Khosrow II was overthrown and executed by his son Kavad II, who soon sued for a peace treaty, agreeing to withdraw from all occupied territory.
4 Discredited by this series of disasters, Khosrow was overthrown and killed in a coup led by his son Kavad II, who at once sued for peace, agreeing to withdraw from all occupied territories.
5 Kavad II died only months after assuming the throne, plunging Persia into several years of dynastic turmoil and civil war.
6 Meanwhile, some of the Persian grandees freed Khosrow's eldest son Kavad II, who had been imprisoned by his father, and proclaimed him King on the night of February 23–24, 628.
7 Kavad, however, was mortally ill and was anxious that Heraclius should protect his infant son Ardeshir.
8 He engaged the Sasanian Empire in the east during Kavad I's reign, and later again during Khosrow I's; this second conflict was partially initiated due to his ambitions in the west.
9 Qadishaye, settled by Kavad in Singara, were probably Kurds and worshiped the martyr Abd al-Masih.
10 He was the son and successor of Kavad I (r. 488–496, 498–531).
11 Khosrow was the youngest son of Kavad I, the ruling Sasanian shah.
12 In c. 520, Kavad, in order to secure the succession of Khosrow, whose position was threatened by rival brothers and the Mazdakite sect, proposed that Emperor Justin I adopt him.
13 Siyawush was thus most likely a Mazdakite, the religious sect that Kavad originally supported but now had withdrawn his support from.
14 Although Siyawush was a close friend of Kavad and had helped him escape from imprisonment, the latter did not try to prevent his execution, seemingly with the purpose of restricting Siyawush's immense authority as the head of the Sasanian army, a post which was disliked by the other nobles.
15 Kavad used the movement as a political tool to curb the power of the nobility and clergy.
16 With the nobility and clergy weakened, Kavad was able to make reforms with less difficulty.
17 According to the Shahnameh ("The Book of Kings"), written several centuries later by the medieval Persian poet Ferdowsi, Kavad had Mazdak and his supporters sent to Khosrow, who had his supporters killed by burying their heads in a walled orchard, with only their feet being visible.
18 In 531, while the Iranian army was besieging Martyropolis, Kavad became ill and died.
19 Another danger to Khosrow's rule was that of his uncle Bawi, who along with other members of the Iranian aristocracy, became involved in a conspiracy in which they tried to overthrow Khosrow and make Kavad, the son of Khosrow's brother Jamasp, the shah of Iran.
20 Khosrow also ordered the execution of Kavad, who was still a child, and was away from the court, being raised by Adergoudounbades.
21 Khosrow sent orders to kill Kavad, but Adergoudounbades disobeyed and brought him up in secret, until he was betrayed to the shah in 541 by his own son, Bahram.
22 Khosrow had him executed, but Kavad, or someone claiming to be him, managed to flee to the Byzantine Empire.
23 The tax reforms, which were started under Kavad I and completely implemented by Khosrow, greatly strengthened the royal court.
24 Prior to Khosrow and Kavad's reigns, a majority of the land was owned by seven Parthian families: Suren, Waraz, Karen, Ispahbudhan, Spandiyadh, Mihran and Zik.
25 This was due to the royal anxieties regarding the chance of religious rogues to upset the political structure, which had recently occurred during Kavad and Khosrow's reigns by the Mazdakites.
26 Kavad I (Middle Persian: ????‎
27 Inheriting a declining empire where the authority and status of the Sasanian kings had largely ended, Kavad tried to reorganize his empire by introducing many reforms whose implementation was completed by his son and successor Khosrow I. They were made possible by Kavad's use of the Mazdakite preacher Mazdak leading to a social revolution that weakened the authority of the nobility and the clergy.
28 Because of this, and the execution of the powerful king-maker Sukhra, Kavad was imprisoned in the Castle of Oblivion ending his reign.
29 However, with the aid of his sister and an officer named Siyawush, Kavad and some of his followers fled east to the territory of the Hephthalite king who provided him with an army.
30 This enabled Kavad to restore himself to the throne in 498/9. Bankrupted by this hiatus, Kavad applied for subsidies from the Byzantine emperor Anastasius I. The Byzantines had originally paid the Iranians voluntarily to maintain the defense of the Caucasus against attacks from the north.